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Managing life bank and survival game -- 04 「經營生命銀行」與「生存遊戲」04

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發表於 2018-12-3 11:28:12 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
Managing life bank and survival game   -- 04

Author :Chang Kai-Chi

The earth is a product of nature. All species on earth are also products of nature. Human beings are one of the species of the earth and certainly a product of nature.

According to scientists, life on Earth has appeared about 4 billion years ago. During the past 4 billion years, with the change of environment and random arrangement of the various genes, coupled with the elimination of natural selection, creatures on the Earth become ever-changing, all kinds of things -----

However, from the beginning of life, in order to grow and survive, the competition and unconscious, ruthless engulfing has begun.

Since the earth has had life, it has become a "killing battlefield". In fact, it is originally "unconscious". At least before all kinds of higher organisms have "consciousness", killing and consuming are not known to be silent and natural. Billion years.

To explore the meaning of life, we must have a very macroscopic view, not only to be able to see such a vast and long-term, but also to accept this fact with humility, there is nothing to sigh, because the truth of the facts is the case. Nature is nature. Nature does not care what small humans think. Nature does not care whether human like it or not? Nature does not care if Human believe the truth or not.

Human, the special species, are mistakenly misunderstood. How Human can climb to the status of today, become the highest level of the food chain, can dominate the earth, and even dominate the survival of most other species, which is combination of a series of accidental and some luck.

All life of the earth is in the process of competition and killing, in order to survive, to multiply itself and expand the ethnic group. How can human beings be the only exception?

After humans separated from the evolutionary tree of primates, they may have retained the habit of jungle herbivore at first and were later forced to change by the harsh environment. After leaving the jungle and entering the grassland, life and survival were even more difficult, so they had to It becomes omnivorous and almost certain; ancient humans are even poor scavengers.

However, compared to other animals that know how to use tools (such as orangutans, beavers, crows, eagle---), humans know how to transform tools and thus create tools.

Because of this, humans entered the "Old Stone Age" more than 2 million years ago. Starting from that time, Human start making tools by tapping. About 10000 years ago, Human learned making tools by polishing the stone, which enable human to make more elaborate tools. These two different methods of making tools are also the criteria for   Paleolithic and Neolithic.  (It is worthy of our modern people to think more about how hard it is for our human ancestors to mix a little food to wrap their belly and hunger. It took 2 million years to hit the stone as a weapon to survive.  So the later generations can climb to the highest level of the food chain. Most people don't have to struggle so hard to survive. What are our qualifications to pick and choose? Are you vegetarian? Is the parent of Emperor Liang Wu vegetarians? Were Sakyamuni and his parent vegetarians? The human beings have been omnivorous for a long time. Those who are willing to downgrade to vegetarian are really stupid. By force themselves vegetarians, they become more paranoid.

Tools, of course, are all created, adapted, and used for life and survival. At first, they may be used to open some shells of nuts and knock out the bones of some animals in order to extract the calorie and nutritional value. marrow. Then, the tool quickly became a weapon. Because the weapon are even sharper than the teeth of the beast, the human being was finally able to become a member of the "predator" and then gradually became one of the best.

Human beings have become the real "killers" of all primates. From the primitive people's use of stone tools, weapons-based tools have always been the absolute condition for humans to dominate the earth's species throne. Nowadays, an advanced rifle can be used for hunting.  Although rifle is totally different than original stone weapons, they are essentially the same in nature. They are used to kill, and the killing is to obtain food or fur as clothing. Fat could be used as a lighting fuel, and Bone/teeth can be used as a material for other tools or decorations.

Human compassion and sympathy are the products of socialization. After the high degree of civilization, in addition to the substantive meaning, it adds the meaning of psychology, culture and even religion.

However, we must not put the cart before the horse, need understand which one is cause, and which one is result.

We know exactly that we are the products of nature. All species in nature, whether in the same or heterogeneous, compete for the right to subsistence, there is never any "mercy and sympathy" at all (usually it is more obvious when it comes to heterogeneous competition). There are no exceptions for Human.

Therefore, the most important cognition is that human "compassionate sympathy" is limited to the scope of human "social people", especially under the norms of "rules of the game" in human society and can only be applied in a limited manner.

Standing as a person in the natural environment, competing with other species, it is impossible to apply the “mercy and sympathy” conception to everywhere.

In short, it is only in human society that we can talk about " mercy and sympathy ", or it is even fine you don’t Advocate or obey such rules. Sympathy is not an inevitable phenomenon in nature. Therefore, of course, you cannot use sympathy to surpass the natural competition. Please do not apply such “sympathy” to frame the whole universe, or create an illusory and ridiculous idol - God, Buddha, Bodhisattva! It is ignorant to worship and pray for this phantom that is impossible to appear in nature.

「經營生命銀行」與「生存遊戲」04

作者:張開基

翻譯員:某君


地球是自然的產物,地球上的所有物種也是自然的產物,人類是地球物種之一,當然也是自然的產物。

據科學家推估,地球上的生命大約出現於40億年以前,自從生命出現到現今的40億年時光之中,生命因為環境和各種基因的隨機排列組合,再加上物競天擇的淘汰,變得真是千變萬化,形形色色-----

不過,從生命一開始出現,為了成長和生存,互相競爭和無意識、無情的吞噬就已經開始了。

地球從有了生命之後,就變成了一個「殺戮戰場」,其實,本來就是「無意識」的,至少在各種高等生物有「意識」之前,殺戮和吞噬已經不知道默默又自然的進行了幾十億年。

要探究生命的意義,必須有非常宏觀的視野,不只是要能夠看得到這麼遼闊這麼久遠,還要虛心的接受這個事實,沒有什麼需要慨歎的,因為事實的真相就是如此。自然就是自然,自然絕對不在意渺小的人類是怎麼想的?你喜歡不喜歡?你相信不相信干自然什麼事?

人類這個特殊物種根本是誤打誤撞;偶然產生的,能夠爬到今天的地位,成為食物鍊的最高層,能夠主宰地球,甚至主宰其他絕大多數物種的生死存亡,那更是一連串偶然乘以偶然。

地球的所有生命都是在競爭殺戮,以求自身和同類族群的生存、繁衍;人類又何能獨獨例外?

人類從靈長類的演化樹上分支出來之後,一開始可能還保留了叢林草食的習性,後來被迫於環境的嚴苛,加上離開叢林進入草原之後,生活和生存更加不易,所以不得不變成雜食性,而且幾乎可以確定的;遠古人類甚至是可憐的食腐動物。

但是,誤打誤撞的,比其他少數懂得使用工具的動物(譬如猩猩、海貍、烏鴉、老鷹---)更進步的一點是;人類懂得改造工具,進而能夠創造工具。

也因為這點,人類從大約200多萬年前進入了「舊石器時代」,然後居然整整歷經了200萬年,直到距今1萬年前,都是使用敲擊的方式在製作石器,距今1萬年前才懂得使用琢磨的方式製造更精緻的石器,這二種不同的製作方式,也是考古學家畫分「新舊石器時代」的認定標準。(值得我們現代人好好深思的是;我們人類的老祖先是多麼艱辛的才能混到一點食物來裹腹充饑,竟然花了200萬年在敲擊石頭作工具作武器,才能存活下來,並且讓我們後代子孫能夠隨之爬到食物鍊的最高層,絕大多數人不用再這麼辛苦的覓食,我們有什麼資格挑三揀四的主張要吃素?梁武帝的爹娘吃素嗎?釋迦牟尼自己和他的爹娘吃素嗎?人類的生理和食性早就是雜食性了,那些自願退化的笨蛋,真的是越吃素越笨,越吃素越偏執)

工具;當然都是為了生活和生存才會使用、改造和創造出來的,一開始也許是用來砸開一些堅果的外殼、敲斷一些動物的大骨,以便取出其中極富熱量和營養價值的骨髓。

然後,工具又很快的變成了武器,人類因為有了比猛獸爪牙更犀利的武器,終於能反客為主的成為「掠食動物」中的一員,然後又逐漸晉升為其中的佼佼者。

人類成了所有靈長類動物中真正的「殺手猿」,從原始人使用石器開始,武器類的工具一直是人類能稱霸地球物種寶座的絕對條件,一直到今天能夠使用精準的步槍,雖然和原始的石製武器,在形態和功效上有著天壤之別,但是,其實在本質上卻還是一樣;都是用來殺戮的,而殺戮則是為了取得食物或毛皮作為衣物,脂肪作為照明燃料,骨骼牙齒可以用作其他工具或裝飾的素材。

人類的慈悲和同情,是在社會化之後的產物,在高度文明後,在實質意義之外,又附加了心理、文化以至宗教層面的意義。

但是,我們千萬不要本末倒置,不要倒因為果;

我們當確切的知道;我們是自然的產物,所有物種在自然界之中,不論是在同類或異類競爭以生存權的當兒,是從來沒有任何「慈悲、同情」可言的(通常多在與異類競爭時最明顯)。人類當然也不可能,更沒有任何必要例外。

所以,最重要的認知就是;人類的「慈悲同情」只限於人類「社會人」的立場,尤其是在人類社會「遊戲規則」的規範下,才能發生作用,也才能有限度的被應用。

在「自然人」的立場,在與其他物種的競爭中,是不可以把人類社會的「慈悲同情」觀念和行為無限上綱的踰越進來。

簡而言之;只有在人類社會才能談「慈悲同情」,或者不談不做也無妨,因為那原本就不是自然界的必然現象;所以,當然不能踰越到自然競爭之中來,更不要愚昧無知的拿「慈悲同情」妄圖去框整個宇宙自然,或者捏造一個虛幻可笑的慈悲偶像---神、佛、菩薩!更愚昧無知的竟然還會去膜拜祈求這種根本不可能出現在自然界中的幻影?

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