天地自然人

 找回密碼
 立即註冊
查看: 88|回復: 1

"Stockholm Syndrome" Type 2 (Part 2) 『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型(下篇)

[複製鏈接]
發表於 2018-11-5 11:40:21 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
"Stockholm Syndrome" Type 2 (Part 2)

Author :Chang Kai-Chi

In the religious scams or psychic scams, there are also many "Stockholm Syndrome Type 2" cases.

Any kidnapping or hostage-holding cases we heard in our daily lives refer to the physical essence. However, most of the religious and psychic scams are "psychological" kidnappings.  There is few cases that hostages are both psychologically and physically held by the kidnappers (for example, the Heaven's Gate in the United States, the large-scale forced suicides in the Peoples Temple Guyana, and Japan's Aum Shinrikyo).

Although there are lots of case that physical bodies were kidnapped too. These cases were started with the “mental kidnapping” first. The leader of the swindlers, or the head of the swindler, have following two characteristics:

a) The leader is a very famous/popular man, such as the leader of some new religions, whether they are suppressed or slammed by traditional religions. They can rely on the three-inch tongue and strong propaganda techniques, especially a large number of fake miracles. These “miracles” include fake/artificial photos, fake video, or fabricated story about the miracles done by the leader. By repeating these fake “miracles”, some disciples were convinced by brainwashing. These disciples turn to salesman of the new “religion”, they donate money to the organization, or work as volunteers and introduce the “new religions” to their friends, classmates, and relatives. They were always able to attract some people who are eager for miracles,

b) As the second type, the swindler is not famous. He may work in a temple, or other religions organizations. He is pretty familiar with all the religion/ psychic terminology. Certainly, he has a good oratorical skill. He will convince the victim that he has the special power to communicate with God/Gods/Ghost.  In fact, some of these swindlers sometimes are able to communicate to ghosts. The swindler claims he is the spokesman of God, and pass God’s word to human. He doesn’t only request the victim believe these words, but also require do whatever he told the victims/disciples.

Other than a) and b), some swindlers start with “devil/demon”. These swindlers will use everything they know to scare the victims, such as “Some ghosts are following you”, “You are in bad luck circles for the next month”, “Most likely you will have a car accident during next week”, and “You family are in trouble”. Anyway, you need do sth to avoid these bad luck things, and the swindlers claim they could help you to change your luck, to avoid these bad situations. For some pretty lady, the swindler will tell her that she will have two husbands in her life, or a lascivious ghost is following her. Anyway, only the swindler could help her, and the way to change the bad luck is to have sex with the swindlers. A lots ladies lost money and body to these swindlers in that way.

Now let’s look into these cases.  Were these victims physically kidnapped or forced by gun or knife? Of course not, they are all conquered from the psychological level.  The victims give up their defense and did these things voluntarily.
  
Among these cases, because victims’ personality, knowledge, social experiences, and religious beliefs are all different, it is certainly not the same in mentality at the time of the event and afterwards, but it can be roughly divided into three types:

1) With the help from friends and relatives, the victims realized it is a cam. The victims wake up and repent. They may choose to keep silent, forgot the past, or fight back. Some of them take legal actions and prevent the cam from continuing to harm the society. These are good, and we will not discuss these cases in this article.

2) The victims completely believe the swindlers. They just believe the swindlers as God. They like do whatever the swindler told them, and the victims believe that the best way to get eternal life or get better future for the next life. No matter how ridiculous the work from the swindlers (such as the actual performers of Aum Shinrikyo's sarin gas attack), or how cruel the task, they never doubt, never resist, just simple obey order from the swindler.

3)   Originally the victims have some suspicion.  After the loss of money, body, time and mentality exceed his threshold, he cannot face the truth that he has been deceived. He uses all kinds of excuses to justify the case to cheat himself.  The victim has very typical "Stockholm Syndrome”. He believes everything the swindler told him and try his best to justify the swindler’s order. The victim will try his best to please the swindlers, donate more money, do more volunteer work. (Some ladies even help the swindler to seduce more women). In order to prove that they are not wrong, the victim will convince more people to join, even brag or exaggerate the swindler’s special power. He even fabricates lies about miracles done by the swindler.  By doing all of these, the victims could strengthen their confidence. ((In fact, there are many powerful missionaries are in “Stockholm Syndrome”. They try their best to persuade more people to join their religion. As more people join the religion, they could get more confidence.)

In some special cases, the victims realized they have been deceived. Since they worried about the swindler may have some special power, or they made promise that never betray the swindler, they are in similar situation as “Stockholm Syndrome type 2”. Let’s make comparison here:

•The hostages (Believers) must have real feeling that the kidnappers (religions leader/swindler) threaten their own survival (safety and luck).

• In the process of being held hostage, the hostages (believers) must understand that the kidnappers (religious leader/swindler) may do some small favor (believe that religious leader/swindlers give them luck and resolve the bad luck and disaster).

•In addition to the single opinion of the kidnappers (religious lead/swindler), the hostages (believers) must be isolated from all other points of view (usually believers are required to swear to the God that "I will not leak the top secret", or they will be severely punished by the God/Gods).

•The hostages (Believers) must believe that it is impossible to escape (the God is boundless in universe, the leader/swindler is supernatural, and it is useless to escape to the ends of the earth).

And usually Stockholm Syndrome will go through the following four major stages:

Fear: The current situation has changed because of sudden coercion and intimidation.

Worry: Staying in an uneasy environment, both body and mind are threatened.

Sympathy: The long-term relationship with the defender recognizes that the other party has acted in a way and has not been directly harmed. (except for paying and having sex with the leader/swindler)

Help: Give the kidnapper invisible help, such as cooperation, do not escape, plead to the judge during trial. (The believers/victims believe everything the swindler told them and find reasons to justify these lies. The believer even persuades more people to join the organization, and fabricate/exaggerate the swindler’s super power, even most of the stories are just lies)

Let’s think about it. Some middle-aged people who have been living in the society for many years will still be deceived, not to mention that some young men and women who have no living experience for the society. In order to be able to seek help from God and to avoid bad luck. would rather line up for half a year and spend more than 100,000 to get good luck. Will they be dubious? Will they believe that the religious leader is a swindler? Or could they face the truth that they have been deceived? Absolutely Not. So, this is the typical patient of the “Stockholm Syndrome type 2”.

 樓主| 發表於 2018-11-5 11:43:13 | 顯示全部樓層
『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型(下篇)

作者:張開基

翻譯員:某君


在宗教或者命理、通靈的騙局中,也有很多這種『斯德哥爾摩症候群第二型』的狀態存在;

我們在日常生活中聽到的任何綁票或人質挾持事件,都是指肉體實質的,但是,在宗教或者命理、通靈的騙局中絕大多數是「心理」層面的綁票,也有極罕見的是「心理與肉體」同時被綁票挾持的(例如美國的天門教派、人民殿堂蓋亞那大規模被迫集體自殺事件以及日本「奧姆真理教」的洗腦囚禁教徒事件)

雖然,也有實質的肉體同時被綁票、挾持、囚禁事件,但是,起始之初卻仍然是從心理層面開始的;

這些「心理綁票」的主事者,或者稱為「首腦」的,基本上會有二個特點;

其一,是非常知名的人物,也許是一些新興宗教的教主,不論是否被正統宗教打壓排擠或抨擊,他們就是能夠憑藉著三寸不爛之舌加上強力的宣傳手法,特別是大量假造神跡,不論是實體的靈光照片,或者魔術手法假造的神跡影音,以及口耳相傳的教主或教會內的種種不可思議的神跡謠傳,然後以長期洗腦灌輸的方式,先培養出一批「種子推銷員」,然後這批打從心底對教主完全信服的「弟子」,就會出錢出力義務的拉自己身邊的親朋好友、同學同事,以至任何容易被說服,願意相信神跡,或者自身心裡渴望神跡的各種人們來加入。

其二,是沒有什麼名氣,但是,原本就是跑江湖算命的或者在一些宮廟神壇工作的,對於各種神話、鬼話以及江湖算命的名詞略懂一些,同樣也是必須憑藉三寸不爛之舌,能夠說服一些求教者或者民俗信仰的信眾相信他們具有無比的「靈通能力」(或者有些確實有一點點通靈能力),最重要的是;他往往會扮演神明的代言人,傳達上天、神明或者靈界的旨意,而且,不只是會要求求教者或信眾必須相信,而且對於「神明」的指示一定要遵照辦理,否則就會受到嚴厲懲罰;

相對的,另外一種就是反過來從「妖魔鬼怪」出發,不是恐嚇當事人「卡陰」,就是說什麼「祖先搗亂」、「五鬼纏身」、「衰神跟隨」等等,如果不化解,保證衰到爆,甚至會發生嚴重的血光之災,諸事不順,更甚至會帶衰家人等等-----總之,一定要改運,而且只有他才有這種改運的本事;附帶的,有些略有姿色的女性,則可能會被這類神棍說成「二夫命」,會剋死丈夫,不然就是「細姨命」,或者乾脆說有色鬼糾纏,所以一定要經過特殊「雙修改運法」才能化解,簡單說就是要跟「師父」做愛才能改運。於是很多的騙財騙色的事件都是這樣發生的;

但是,我們不妨看看;以上這類首腦或者神棍,他們是拿刀拿槍逼迫當事人就範而加以綁架或挾持的嗎?當然不是,不都是先從心理層面來進行說服,使得當事人鬆懈心防,自願入彀嗎?

在這些當事人之中,因為個性、學識、社會經歷以及宗教信仰認知盡皆不同,所以,在事件發生時以及事後,在心態上當然不會完全相同,但是,大致上可以分為三種:

第一種;是自己或者經由親朋好友的極力勸解,終於一語驚醒夢中人,而幡然悔悟,痛心之餘,有些會選擇暗自飲泣,獨吞苦果,有些也許會採取法律行動,至於是否有效將神棍繩之以法,遏阻騙局繼續為害社會不在本篇討論範圍。

第二種;完全信之不疑,對於這些教主或者神棍不只是言聽計從,根本就是奉若神明,甘願做牛做馬,供其驅使而甘之如飴,甚至認為這是自己獲得來世永生、福報的最佳方式,因此不論教主神棍交代的工作多麼荒唐恐怖(例如奧姆真理教的沙林毒氣事件那些實際執行者),或者責罰如何殘酷,他們都從不懷疑也不會反抗或心生不滿。

第三種;原本有些疑竇,但是,不論是在金錢、肉體或者時間精神上的損失超過他的負荷上限之後,他會出現非常奇怪的念頭和行為,那就是強行的催眠麻醉與欺騙自己,死也不願或不敢承認自己上當受騙,因為他實在無法承受這種打擊,於是開始出現『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型的明顯症狀;不只是完全相信教主神棍的一切言行,並且拼命的將之合理化,而且更加的諂媚討好教主神棍,甘願奉獻更多金錢、勞力或者接受驅使甚至虐待(有神棍同居女友協助神棍多次欺騙性侵女信徒得逞的),為了證明自己自己沒有錯,也會說服更多認識與不認識的人加入,並且大肆宣揚吹噓教主神棍的法力無邊,神通廣大,甚至蓄意編造也在所不惜,因為這樣才能強化自己的信心(其實,有很多強力傳教的宗教也有這種情形,那種強迫拉人入教的急切手法讓人不得不相信他們也可能正是『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型的患者,因為一個信徒眾多的教派更能強化他們的信心)

比較特殊的則是『雖然,醒悟而發覺自己被騙,不論是被騙財騙色,因為害怕對方可能有邪術,或者自己已經對神明起誓「不能懷疑背叛」』,所以也可能基於恐懼心理而產生的『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型;比對心理學上的徵兆:我們不妨來代換一下名詞:

人質(信眾)必須有真正感到綁匪(教主或神棍)威脅到自己的存活(安全和運氣)

在遭挾持過程中,人質(信眾)必須體會出綁匪(教主或神棍)可能略施小惠的舉動(相信就賜予好運,化解衰運和災禍)

除了綁匪(教主或神棍)的單一看法之外,人質(信眾)必須與所有其他觀點隔離(通常被要求「天機不可洩漏」或向主神發誓,否則必遭天譴或神明嚴厲懲罰)

人質(信眾)必須相信,要脫逃(主神是法力無邊的,教主或神棍是神通廣大的,逃到天涯海角也沒用)是不可能的。

而通常斯德哥爾摩症候群會經歷以下四大歷程:

恐懼:因為突如其來的脅迫與威嚇導致現況改變。

害怕:籠罩在不安的環境中,身心皆受威脅。

同情:和挾持者長期相處體認到對方不得已行為,且並未受到『直接』傷害(除了付錢和做愛,沒有生命危險)

幫助:給予挾持者無形幫助如配合,不逃脫,安撫等;或有形幫助如協助逃脫,向法官說情,一起逃亡等(完全相信教主神棍的一切言行,並且拼命的將之合理化,說服更多認識與不認識的人加入,並且大肆宣揚吹噓教主神棍的法力無邊,神通廣大,甚至蓄意編造也在所不惜)

我們不妨想想;一些有社會多年歷練的中年人士尚且會受騙,何況一些少不更事的年輕男女,為了能夠求取神助,消災賜福,寧可排隊大半年,花上十幾萬去改運,他們會是半信半疑的嗎?他們會希望自己原來是碰到了神棍上當受騙了嗎?當然不會!打死他們也不會;所以;這正是典型的『斯德哥爾摩症候群』第二型的患者。

您需要登錄後才可以回帖 登錄 | 立即註冊

本版積分規則

快速回復 返回頂部 返回列表