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Strasbourg Notre Dame Cathedral 「史特拉斯堡」聖母院大教堂

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發表於 2018-10-10 12:25:14 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
Strasbourg Notre Dame Cathedral

Author :
Chang Kai-Chi


It has the same prestige as the "Notre Dame" in Paris, France. It is a Gothic-style building, a spire and a complex statue, a stained-glass window, and the necessary "flying buttresses" to support the architectural form.

The French genius Hugo once praised the cathedral as a perfect combination of greatness and sophistication. The construction of the cathedral lasted from 1176 to 1439, and for about four centuries, the 142-meter spire of Strasbourg Cathedral made it the tallest building at the time.

On the front of the church built in the thirteenth century, the door arches on the three gates tell the story of the crucifixion of Jesus. The fine carvings look like complex laces. The round window above the central gate look like 16 colored petals spreading out to the sun. The Great Bell Gate to the south of the church is the oldest part of the cathedral. From this door, you will see the most famous astronomical clock in the church. The astronomical clock was created by the Strasbourg mathematician and the Swiss watchmaker together in the 16th century. Because the clock failed during the French Revolution, it was refurbished in 1842 and the celestial operating system was added, as we see today.

This famous Gothic church in Europe, just like the "Notre Dame" in Strasbourg. The famous French writer Hugo once described the church as "gigantic and delicate marvel”.

In 510 AD, it was still a wooden building. With damage in the war, the pink sandstone of the local Foji Mountain was used to rebuild the exquisite appearance as we could see today. In addition to the German style of architecture, the Alsace used French architectural techniques built the 142-meter-high church with cultural influence of France and Germany.

The actual constructing time of the cathedral counted from 1176 to1439 and it took nearly 300 years to complete. There is a one storey high astronomical clock in the church that has been in operation since 1547. For every 15 minutes, one of the four statues of children, youth, adults and the elderly will appear, representing the four stages of life. For every hour there is a death with the axe appear to alarm. It is still accurate today. There will be music played 12:30 pm. It is the spiritual symbol of the Strasbourg Renaissance.

The four dolls of the upper astronomical clock represent the four stages of life: birth, youth, old age, and death. These four dolls are regularly circulating around the Jesus statue. This means that people may die at any time, and nobody can escape. The upper cock will scream as the dolls circulate, which mean the tragedy that Jesus will be betrayed by the disciples. In side of the church, there were several sites worth a visit, including angel clock in front of the astronomical clock, the pulpit in the middle of the church, and the seven stained-glass windows in the north.  In fact, the former Cathedral of the Notre Dame, a Gothic church, is an 11th-century Romanesque church that was rebuilt by the devastating fire, and these seven glasses windows are preserved from the previous church.

While appreciating, we should think deeper about the issues. Why are the famous historical buildings in the world almost all related to religions?

For what reason? Or what motivation can make people voluntarily contribute money to build such a church/temple after another?

Moreover, as long as the temple of religion is getting bigger and bigger, the more it is built, the more corrupt it is.  The more corrupt it is, and less confident people are. When people lose their confidence, these religions are not enriching them self by doctrine/philosophy but do more about the appearance. The church temple is more and more magnificent, the Pope, the bishop, the abbot's clothing will be more and more luxurious.

In a bishop's costume show in a cathedral in Spain, I saw some red cardinal robes of the cardinal, which are so thick/heavy, almost unable to wear for man. Is was made of the most expensive silk, and it was weaved with very complex patterns in pure gold thread. Made with all kinds of jewels, the robe took a few virgin nuns several years to complete.

What about these cardinals? They are wearing such sacred and precious robes, do they really keep their life and serve God with piety?

There have been so many disappointing priests, bishops, and cardinals in history. Some have mistresses and illegitimate children, some are pedophiles!

「史特拉斯堡」聖母院大教堂

作者:張開基

翻譯員:某君

與法國巴黎「聖母院」有著同樣的盛名,同屬哥德式的建築,尖塔和繁複的雕像,彩繪玻璃花窗,加上必要的「飛扶壁」支撐,建築形制幾乎如出一轍。

法國文豪雨果曾經讚這座大教堂是:巨大和精緻的完美結合。興建工程從1176紼持續到1439年,此後大約有將近4個世紀的時間,史特拉斯堡大教堂高達142公尺的尖塔,使它成為當時最高的建築。

十三世紀建造的教堂正面,三座大門上的門拱描會著耶穌受難的故事,精細的鏤雕遠看像是繁複的花邊,中央大門上方的玫瑰圓窗,有如16朵彩色花瓣向陽 光施展開來。教堂南邊的大鐘門是整座大教堂中最古老的部份,從這道門一進入,就會看到教堂內最有名的天文鐘。由史特拉斯堡數學家與瑞士鐘錶匠所共同創作的天文鐘,製於十六世紀,因在法國大革命期間發生故障,在1842年為它整修並加上天體運行系統,才成就今日我們所見的面貌。

這座歐洲著名的哥德式教堂,猶如史特拉斯堡的「聖母院」,法國知名作家雨果就曾以「集巨大與纖細於一身令人驚異的建築」來形容這座教堂。

在西元510年時它還是一座木頭的建築物,隨著戰火和時間,才逐漸用當地佛日山的粉紅色砂岩,建成繁盛精緻的今日大教堂外觀,亞爾薩斯人用法國的建築技術,再加上德式的建築風格,以法德兩國的文化影響力,共同建立了這座142公尺高的教堂。

真正要算起大教堂的建築年代,是從1176年開始直到1439年,花費近300年的時間才完工;教堂內有一個一層樓高的天文鐘,自1547年開始運作,每隔15分鐘有從孩童、青年、成人及老人代表人生4個階段的雕像出現,但每一整點就有死神提斧出來報時,至今準確無誤,到中午12:30左右,還會鳴鐘以樂聲報時,可說是史特拉斯堡文藝復興時期的精神象徵。

天文鐘上層轉動的人偶分別代表人生的四個階段:出生、青年、老年、死亡,這些人偶定時從耶穌的面前轉過,所代表的意義是人有可能在任何一個時期死 亡,沒有人可以逃脫;而更上層的公雞會在人偶轉動時嗚叫,寓意是提醒耶穌會被門徒出賣的悲劇。大教堂內值得一看的還有天文鐘前方的天使鐘、教堂中央的布道壇,以及北面的七扇彩繪玻璃窗。事實上,現為哥德式教堂的聖母院大教堂前身,是一座十一世紀的羅馬式教堂,因毀於大火才重建了現在的大教堂,而這七扇玻璃 正是從廢墟中保留下來的珍品。

在欣賞的同時;我們是不是也要思索更深一層的問題;世界上有名的歷史建築幾乎都和宗教有關;

是什麼原因?或者什麼動機,能夠使得人們心甘情願的出錢出力,去建造這樣一座又一座的教堂寺廟?

而且,只要宗教的殿堂越蓋越高大,越建越華麗時,這個宗教也就越來越腐敗,而內部越來越腐敗,使得人們信心漸失時,這些宗教不是從教義上去充實,反而是在表象的方面去做文章,教堂寺廟越來越金碧輝煌,教宗、主教、住持的服飾也會越來越珠光寶氣;

我在西班牙一個大教堂中看到一間歷代主教服飾展示間中;看到一些樞機主教的紅衣聖袍,厚重得根本不像是要給人穿的,全是最名貴的絲線編織出來,上面還有繁複的純金絲線繡的花紋,還鑲滿珠寶,據說這些聖袍都是好幾位發誓終生守貞的修女共同花上好幾年才能完成一件-----------

這些紅衣主教呢?他們穿著這麼神聖名貴的聖袍,自己是否真的一生守貞,虔誠的服事上帝呢?

歷史上迄今有情婦和私生子,甚至雞姦小男童的神父、主教、樞機主教比比皆是!

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